Firewalling virtuals with ebtables
I had a situation where I wanted to control access from one virtual to the others on the network. It could have been done via NAT, but the eventual goal is to have several virtual machines which can not “see” each other, and did now want to go building several virtual networks. So, I researched ebtables.
ebtables (http://ebtables.netfilter.org/) is a network filtering tool designed to work with Unix Bridges. Most (all?) virtualization software supports, and even recommends, using a network bridge.
Since a bridge forwards, the filtering is done under the FORWARD rule.
In this example, we are looking at three machines:
|Win10||00:16:3e:6b:26:70||this is the machine we want to restrict|
|router||00:16:3e:bd:26:71||this is the router|
|manage||00:16:3e:37:26:72||this is the one internal machine which may be reached|
Win10 is a virtual inside our network. We need to be able to access it from manage, and also it needs to access the Internet via router. We also want to access Win10 via RDP over VPN. However, Win10 should not 'see' anything else on our network.
ebtables works with MAC addresses, so we track the MAC's. The above MAC's are samples randomly chosen from those assigned for some forms of virtualization; use your own MAC addresses.
Basically, we add rules to allow access between Win10 and router, and Win10 and manage, then we add rules to not allow any other access.
Not sure why, but we need protocols 0x800 and 0x806 (IPv4 and ARP) specifically allowed to the router or this will not work. You can still access from manage but not over a VPN connection. Still researching that.
# first, flush all tables (restore to default) ebtables -F # let Win10 talk to router ebtables -A FORWARD -s 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -d 00:16:3e:bd:26:71 -j ACCEPT # let router talk to Win10 ebtables -A FORWARD -s 00:16:3e:bd:26:71 -d 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -j ACCEPT # let Win10 talk to manage ebtables -A FORWARD -s 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -d 00:16:3e:37:26:72 -j ACCEPT # let manage talk to Win10 ebtables -A FORWARD -s 00:16:3e:37:26:72 -d 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -j ACCEPT # not sure why, but we need these two protocols usable ebtables -A FORWARD -s 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -p 0x800 -j ACCEPT ebtables -A FORWARD -s 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -p 0x806 -j ACCEPT # Drop all other traffic where Win10 is the source ebtables -A FORWARD -s 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -j DROP --log # and drop all other traffic where Win10 is the destination ebtables -A FORWARD -d 00:16:3e:6b:26:70 -j DROP --log # show the user what the tables look like. ebtables -L